Technical Assistance

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Successful outreach to key populations recognizes the sociocultural context and particularly the gendered norms in which key populations live. This case study documents how outreach workers in Lebanon raise awareness about how gender norms can increase HIV risk; deliver basic information on HIV, hepatitis, and other STIs; offer counseling to support positive behavior change, and distribute free condoms, syringes, and lubricants.

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Gender inequality is a major contributor to men who have sex with men's (MSM) vulnerability to HIV. Understanding the gender dynamics of MSM, as well as their specific sexual identity issues and concerns, is important for delivering effective HIV services. This case study describes how an NGO in Russia created an MSM-supportive environment and provided free access to HIV services through its "Follow the Voice of Life" program.

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This paper on South-South collaboration was written as a primer on the topic for participants at a Ministerial Leadership Initiative workshop in Ethiopia in November 2010. The paper explores the meaning of the concept, its history to date, and offers case examples of successful South-South efforts.

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This brief analyzes a range of program interventions intended to increase access to HIV treatment, including antiretroviral treatment (ART), in resource-limited countries. In recent years, the programs have been decentralized to primary health care centers and approached from a public health perspective. 

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An assessment was conducted in Kenya in October 2009 in order to examine the national Food by Prescription  program, study program strengths and challenges, and document lessons learned and promising practices. AIDSTAR-One conducted the assessment with the participation of the USAID Mission in Kenya, the National AIDS and STI Control Programme, and Academy for Educational Development.

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This report includes supplemental tables available at this link

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This technical brief highlights the key mental health issues in the continuum of HIV care and reviews promising programmatic practices for addressing these issues in resource-constrained settings. This tool provides links to important resources and tools for program planners and health care providers concerned about mental health issues in HIV care and support.

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Gender-based violence (GBV) is a major problem throughout the world. It includes sexual, physical, emotional, and financial abuse; structural discrimination (institutional structures that result in disparities or stigmatization in services); state-sponsored violence (i.e., persecution of sex workers, men who have sex with men, women living with HIV); and trafficking of women and girls. GBV primarily affects women and girls, but men, boys, and gender minority communities are also impacted. Reducing GBV is one of the five gender strategies promoted through the U.S.

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A key strategy for maximizing financial resources and strengthening human resource capacity within and across countries is south-to-south technical assistance, defined as an exchange of expertise and resources between two or more developing countries on a bilateral, regional, subregional, or interregional basis.

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Assessing and strengthening countries' capacity to implement policies and manage public resources towards their development goals has become a key priority for donors working to transition management of development programs, such as HIV antiretroviral therapy programs, to country ownership. The purpose of this technical brief is to highlight the common elements of successfully transitioned programs, their approaches, and lessons learned to help PEPFAR program managers transition their programs to greater host country management.

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