Health

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In the fall of 2000, the World Bank Institute (WBI) presented a challenging evaluation task to EnCompass–to develop an evaluation methodology for its two primary training programs. WBI training programs were under increasing pressure to demonstrate results from both the internal evaluation unit and external donors. The desired outcomes of the training programs, however, had not been clearly defined and some of the workshop managers were hesitant to commit to the evaluation process.

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EnCompass led an evaluation of the Quality Assurance Project's (QAP) healthcare improvement collaborative approach. The team used a formative, participatory methodology, and conducted field visits to six countries where QAP supported one or more collaboratives. The findings of the evaluation are detailed in this report.

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This case study examines FHI's work around the mental health needs of people living with HIV. Their work has led to increased coping mechanisms and capabilities, focusing on holistic, positive living.

This resource was developed as part of our AIDSTAR-One Project work. 

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Avahan means “a call to action” in Sanskrit. It is a fitting name for one of the largest and most promising HIV prevention programs in the world. Launched in 2003 with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, this major HIV prevention program stretches over six of the Indian states most affected by HIV, as well as key trucking routes. 

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After opening the clinic in northern Uganda, PCAF mental health staff requested specialized HIV training because they felt it was critical to address their clients’ mental health and HIV care and support needs in a holistic and knowledgeable manner. In northern Uganda, mental health service providers must know their individual client, and having HIV knowledge and experience is key to being effective in their work. In comparison to the rest of the country, estimated HIV prevalence in northern Uganda is significantly higher (8 to 12 percent compared to 6.7 percent).

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Successful outreach to key populations recognizes the sociocultural context and particularly the gendered norms in which key populations live. This case study documents how outreach workers in Lebanon raise awareness about how gender norms can increase HIV risk; deliver basic information on HIV, hepatitis, and other STIs; offer counseling to support positive behavior change, and distribute free condoms, syringes, and lubricants.

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Gender inequality is a major contributor to men who have sex with men's (MSM) vulnerability to HIV. Understanding the gender dynamics of MSM, as well as their specific sexual identity issues and concerns, is important for delivering effective HIV services. This case study describes how an NGO in Russia created an MSM-supportive environment and provided free access to HIV services through its "Follow the Voice of Life" program.

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This brief analyzes a range of program interventions intended to increase access to HIV treatment, including antiretroviral treatment (ART), in resource-limited countries. In recent years, the programs have been decentralized to primary health care centers and approached from a public health perspective. 

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An assessment was conducted in Kenya in October 2009 in order to examine the national Food by Prescription  program, study program strengths and challenges, and document lessons learned and promising practices. AIDSTAR-One conducted the assessment with the participation of the USAID Mission in Kenya, the National AIDS and STI Control Programme, and Academy for Educational Development.

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