India

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation approved its first strategy on gender equality in 2017. Among other elements, the strategy includes a major focus on self-help groups (SHGs) as a tool for fostering women’s economic empowerment. Due to the growth of mobile and digital technologies in Africa and India, the Foundation is interested in the current and potential use of such technologies to support SHGs. They contracted EnCompass to conduct a landscape analysis of technologies, actors, innovations, and trends in technology-enabled SHGs. 

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Community health workers (CHWs), and the barriers they face in providing services, have been studied extensively. Less examined is how CHWs respond to these barriers. The USAID Applying Science to Strengthen and Improve Systems (ASSIST) Project conducted a qualitative study of the challenges and opportunities Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) in India encounter and how they respond.

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Avahan means “a call to action” in Sanskrit. It is a fitting name for one of the largest and most promising HIV prevention programs in the world. Launched in 2003 with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, this major HIV prevention program stretches over six of the Indian states most affected by HIV, as well as key trucking routes. 

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